Education in Africa

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Among all the children enrolled in primary schools, the lowest enrollment rate is in Africa. UNESCO also reported marked gender inequalities: In most parts of Africa there is much higher enrollment by boys; in some, there are more girls, due to sons having to stay home and tend to the family farm. Africa has more than 42 million children and almost half the school-age child population is receiving no schooling. Two-thirds of these are girls. The USAID Center reports that as of 2005, 40% of school-age children in Africa do not attend primary school and there are still 46 million school-age African children who have never stepped into a classroom.


The regional report produced by the UNESCO-BREDA education sector analyst team in 2005 indicates that less than 10% of African children are now allowed in the system. Four out of 10 children did not complete primary school in 2002/2003. So, five years after the World Education Forum and the adoption of the Millennium Goals, progress at primary level is far from decisive. The analysis highlights those principal efforts should be directed to reducing the number of dropouts per level. It also appears that geographical disparities (rural areas/urban areas) or economic disparities (low-income households/wealthy households) are more significant and take longer to even-out than gender disparities. 


Education drives the economy compared to Finland and Kenya. The examples are mentioned below-


In Finland;





In Kenya, everything is the opposite of Finland. That’s the reason education drives the economy compared to Finland and Kenya.


Finland is an interesting member of this list. For a long time, it led educational systems around the world on this list. In 2015 though it got bumped to number five on the list, being replaced by Asian countries. Its drop may be due in part to the increased attention put on school systems by these nations that ousted it.Unlike many countries, Finland has short school days and fills the rest of the day with school-sponsored educational activities. They believe that there is a good portion of learning to be done outside the classroom. The schools in Finland build the community and help to create an identity among the citizens.  The teachers in Finland also go through some of the best education in the world.


2015 has seen the rise of South Korea as the number one educational system in the world. It managed to bump its way from the second best to the best system, all in three years. Korea does this for two reasons. First, they believe in working hard. Kids spend seven days of the week in school and are educated thoroughly in everything they study. Secondly, South Korea spends a lot of money on its educational system. The yearly budget for the system is slightly more than 11 billion dollars. The other Asian countries are major competition for South Korea.  A striking statistic about the South Korean educational system is the nation is near 100% literate. 99.2% of males in South Korea are literate while 96.6% of females are literate.


All the difficulties which Africa is dealing with are listed below-


  1. The Poverty Porn
  2. International Aid
  3. International Media
  4. The Colonial Borders
  5. Ignorance of the Books of Machiavelli, Hegel & Darwinism
  6. The Rich Subaltern Mentality
  7. Lack of Domestic Leadership Education
  8. Lack of Science & Engineering Education
  9. Lack of International Intelligence network
  10. The Crab Mentality


What’s happening with technology use in education in Africa these days?

UIS finds that the “most significant obstacle in measuring ICT in education in sub-Saharan Africa is the lack of systematic data collections,” noting that some countries (e.g., Somalia, Benin, the DRC) reported that there was no systematic related data collection *at all* in their countries. UIS states that the existence of a data collection effort related to this topic (not surprisingly), often correlates with whether or not ICT use in education is considered a priority area of policy. And also investment interest in a country and that, generally speaking, “ICT use in education is at a particularly embryonic stage in the majority of countries in sub-Saharan Africa.”


Edtech (Educational technology) is more than a decade old in Africa. It started in the late 90’s when most parts of Africa were getting their first internet connection. Whereas institutions of higher learning championed this project through the use of wikis, blogs and the like, elementary schools were employing offline study guides such as Encarta encyclopedia, academic computer games.


There are Edtech companies in Africa as well, like;


Prep class This was founded in 2012 by two Nigerian Entrepreneurs – Chukwuwezam Obanor and Ogunlana Olumide. Prep class provides a database of study content to help prepare prospective university students for their Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) exams.


Ubongo Nisha Ligon and Cleng’a Ng’atigwa, two Tanzania-based Entrepreneurs, founded Ubongo. It produces a colorful Edutainment TV show of 30 minutes called Ubongo Kids, designed to help children discover the joys of math through fun, local stories, and songs.


Brainshare This startup EdTech was founded by Charles Muhindo, based in Uganda. The web & mobile apps enable students to exchange notes, past papers, revision materials, coursework easily or ask questions remotely.


Afrotalez Nigerian Entrepreneur, Elizabeth Kperrun-Eremie founded Afrotalez. This is an app that promotes traditional African stories. This interactive Android app tells African Folktales with an aim to also improve the mental capabilities of kids between 3 and 9.


Africa is developing day by day. There is waiting for booming market of Edtech in Africa. It’s better if Edtech can take place faster to enrich Africa.


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